Find your way around Jeju Island and look out for points of interest in your vicinity!
About Jeju Island
Jeju Island has a mild oceanic climate throughout the year with the smallest annual temperature range in Republic of Korea. The temperature for the hottest summer time averages no more than 35.8 ℃ in Jeju City and 33.0 ℃ in Seogwipo City and no less than -2.3℃ in Jeju City and -2.7 ℃ in Seogwipo City for winter. Jeju, the largest island in Korea, came into existence 700 to 1,200 thousand years ago when lava spewed from a sub-sea volcano and surfaced above the waters. Then 100 to 300 thousand years ago, another volcanic eruption formed Halla Mountain. The final volcanic eruption that took place approximately 25 thousand years ago created the crater lake, Baengnokdam, at the summit of the mountain. Halla Mountain rises in the center of Jeju to 1950m above sea level. The rest of the island slopes down from its summit and is covered with dark gray volcanic rocks and volcanic ash soil. Relatively isolated from the rest of the world, the island’s nature has been well preserved in its prehistoric state. Jeju’s natural environment has been preserved as best as possible. The fantastically shaped rocks decorating the seashores, the hundreds of Oreums(secondary volcanos) and the rarest species of flora and fauna around the Baengnokdam lake are all treasures waiting to be discovered by visitors.
|English||Jeju Special Self-Governing Province|
1. Which islands are similar to Jeju island in size?
- Jeju island : 1,848㎢
- Hongkong : 1,104㎢
- Hawaii : Maui 1,885㎢ , Big Island 10,458㎢
2. Jeju Island at a glance
Jeju city Seogwipo city Rainfall 1,584.9mm 2,393.3mm Average temperature 15.6℃ 16.9℃
Nature- Jeju Island is an oval-shaped volcanic island with 1,950 meter Halla Mountain in the middle. The island is 73 km from west to east and 31 km from north to south.
Jeju which was created by volcanic activity, is known for its unique volcanic features, and the entire island itself is like a volcanic museum. There are 368 oreums on the island (※ Oreum means ‘small mountain’ in Jeju dialect) and over 160 lava tubes are scattered on the island. It’s very rare to see an island that has both oreums and caves in the world.
Environmental Features- Jeju is a harmonious island with varied culture and environment, in virtue of its natural geographical features as an island, and unique folk cultures which have been handed down for generations ever since its 'Tamnaguk' days.(※ Tamnaguk is the antient name of Jeju island.)
- Jeju has often been called 'Samda-do' with its abundance of wind, stone and women.
- Wind : Since the island is surrounded by water from all sides, plenty of wind is obvious. Every traditional house has a piled up layer of stones called ‘Doldam’, which has holes in it and that is why even fierce winds pass by them easily.
- Stone : All stones in Jeju were formed by Mt. Halla’s volcanic eruptions a long time ago. Natives of Jeju island have had to deal with this harsh natural environment for their independent lives on the poor soil.
- Woman : The reason behind the higher number of women compared to men, is as the men used to go into the sea to catch fish, and many of them were not able to get home for some reason, including typhoons. However, the harsh living conditions of Jeju have forced women to work together with their husbands. Women divers, called Haenyeo' in Korean, is one of classic examples of strong women in Jeju. Though the number of women divers is reducing every year in Jeju, you can still find some making their distinctive whistling sound as they go about their underwater activities. The haenyeo are well-known for their diving skills and their strong willpower.
3. Traffic routes from Jeju International Airport to major scenic spots