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Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut, held on March 20 at Chilmeori Shrine


 

Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut (칠머리당영등굿), the UNESCO-recognized ritual, will be held on March 20 (Feb. 14 on the Lunar calendar) at Chilmeoridang Shrine, located on Sarabong in Geonip-dong, Jeju City.
The Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut is a ritual dedicated to Yeongdeung Halmang, the Goddess of Wind, and Yeowang, the Dragon King, (‘Yeowang’ is Jeju dialect; known as “Yongwang” in the mainland) by Haenyeo (female divers), ship owners and villagers to pray for a calm seas, an abundant harvest and a plentiful catch.
Yeongdeung Halmang visits the island for only 2 weeks each year. She arrives on the 1st day of the second lunar month and departs on the 14th day.
The Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut is a cultural tradition that has been handed down from generation to generation over 500 years, and the farewell ritual on March 20 this year will be a good opportunity to look into the unique culture of Jeju Island, since the Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut at the Chilmeoridang Shrine is the largest and most representative rite of many “Haenyao Gut” on Jeju Island. Many fishing villages throughout Jeju hold their own rite of farewell from early January to early March on the Lunar calendar. “Haenyeo Gut” is also called different names, such as “Yongwang-gut”, “Yeongdeung-gut”, “Jamsu-gut”, “Haesinje”, or “Susinje”. The ritual was held in all the fishing villages on Jeju in the past, but at present only 37 villages practice the cultural heritage.


 

Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut


      · When: March 20 (Wed), 2019 / from the sunrise (around 9 a.m.) until the sunset (around 5~6 p.m.)

      · Where: Chilmeoridang (Chilmeori Shrine), Sarabong in Geonip-dong, Jeju City


      · How to get here

       (From Jeju International Airport) Take bus No. 316, 325 or 326 & stop at ‘Udang Library Entrance’ station

                                                       (14 stops, 25 mins) → walk for about 10 mins (920m) 

       (From Seogwipo Bus Terminal) Take bus No. 182 (express) & stop at ‘Jeju Cityhall’ station (15 stops, 1.8 mins) 

                                                     → transfer to bus No. 311, 341, 342, 348 or 349 & stop at 'Jeju National

                                                     Museum'  (5 stops, 12 mins) → walk for about 9 mins (900m)

 

If you miss the Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut on March 20, you can look around for other rituals of “Haenyeo Gut” in other villages. The schedule of rites at the villages is as follows.

 

 Date

Fishing Village Cooperatives hold “Haenyeo Gut” 

Location 

 March

19 (Tue) 

  Wimi 1-ri, Wimi 2-ri 

  Namwon-eup, Seogwipo City 

  Onpyeong-ri  

  Seongsan-eup, Seogwipo City 

  Sinchon-ri

  Seongsan-eup, Seogwipo City 

  Bukchon-ri

  Jocheon-eup, Jeju City

 20 (Wed)

  Ojo-ri 

  Seongsan-eup, Seogwipo City 

 21 (Thu)

  Siheung-ri, Seongsan-ri  

  Seongsan-eup, Seogwipo City  

 26 (Tue)

  Handong-ri 

  Gujwa-eup, Jeju City 

April 

7 (Sun) 

  Haengwon-ri 

  Gujwa-eup, Jeju City 

 10 (Wed)

  Woljeong-ri

  Gujwa-eup, Jeju City 

11 (Thu) 

  Jongdal-ri

  Gujwa-eup, Jeju City 

12 (Fri) 

  Gimnyeong-ri, Dongbok-ri

  Gujwa-eup, Jeju City 

  

   Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut, how it goes?



The ritual begins with “Chogamje”, a “calling of the gods” ceremony, which involves inviting all the gods, from sea gods to the village patron gods, to the shrine and wishing for the well-being of all participants. It is followed by “Bonhyangdeum”, a “calling of the god of Bonhyangdang to his shrine”, and “Yongwangmaji”, a “welcoming the Dragon King” to appease the gods and to send them back again.
This is followed by “Doaekmareum”, a “prevention of misfortune for all villages”, “Seadeurim”, a rite for an abundant harvest and plentiful catch at sea, and “Yeonggammaji”, a welcoming ceremony for the guardian of ships and fishermen.
Ultimately, Yeonggamsin (the God of Elderly) launches small straw boats, called ‘Baebangsun’, into the sea as a parting gift to farewell Yeongdeung Halmang, and the whole ritual is completed with “Dojin”, a farewell to all the gods.

 

 

 

 

    Who is Yeongdeung Halmang?



Yeongdeung Halmang (Halmang means ‘grandmother’ in Jeju dialect) is the Goddess of Wind who is believed to the promise of a bountiful marine harvest and the well-being of ships and fishermen. The goddess of wind, who is believed to live in ‘Ganman Empire (Utopia)’ or ‘One-eyed Island’,  and visits Jeju Island for only 2 weeks each year from Feb. 1 to Feb 14 on the Lunar Calendar.
Yeongdeung Halmang usually comes with her family members to enjoy the beauty of Jeju. It is said by Jeju locals, if the weather is mostly mild and spring-like during her stay, she has brought her daughter with her – rather than her daughter-in-law – and thus, she is in good spirits and happy. The Yeongdeung Halmang leaves the island via Udo island after sowing the seeds of five grains and seaweed seeds along the shore to ensure an abundance of crops, shells, abalones and seaweed for the following year.
When the Yeongdeung Halmang and the winds depart, spring finally arrives on Jeju Island.

 

 


   Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut Training Center


If you visit “Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut Training Center”, located on Sarabong in Geonip-dong as well, you can get further information on Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut. You can even enjoy Jeju traditional performances on the second floor of the center, if you are lucky.

 · 1st floor: Exhibition hall (The status of Yeongdeunggut throughout Jeju Yeongdeunggut -related items such as traditional customs, musical instruments, etc.)
  · 2nd floor : Performance hall (Training classes or performances on an occasional basis)


  · Opening Hours: 10:00~17:00 (Closed on weekends and national holidays)
  · Admission Fees: Free
  · Tel: 064-753-7812
  · Location: 58 Sarabongdong-gil, Jeju City

 

 

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